, Le Brun also supervised the design and installation of countless statues in the gardens. , The largest part of the garden is divided into geometric bosquets, compartment-like groves; eight on the north side of the garden, and six to the south. The sculptor Augustin Pajou added statuary and reliefs to complete the decoration.  For most courtiers, bathing was infrequent and might only be carried out in portable bathtubs in their chambers, filled with water carried by hand from the nearest ground floor tap. The façade of Louis XIII's original château is preserved on the entrance front. At the time, much of the land around Versailles was uncultivated, allowing wild animals to flourish.The chateau Louis XIII built was little more than a hunting lodge having enough space to house the king and a small entourage. In the center, a 3-storey avant-corps fronted with eight red marble columns supporting a gilded wrought-iron balcony is surmounted with a triangle of lead statuary surrounding a large clock, whose hands were stopped upon the death of Louis XIV. The Gobelins were charged with all decoration needs of the palace, which was under the direction of Charles Le Brun..  The exterior features an arcaded, rusticated ground floor, supporting a main floor with round-headed windows divided by reliefs and pilasters or columns. The Marble Court at the Palace of Versailles, France. In 1979, the entire Palace of Versailles domain was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site. 215–229. In that month, the government of the new Third French Republic, which had departed Paris during the War for Tours and then Bordeaux, moved into the Palace. , More work took place after World War II, with the restoration of the Royal Opera of Versailles.  In 1668 he added three new wings built of stone, known as the envelope, to the north, south and west (the garden side) of the original château. History. , In 1978, parts of the Palace were heavily damaged in a bombing committed by Breton terrorists. Estimates of the amount spent to build Versailles are speculative. The Grand Gallery is a set of three highly decorated reception rooms, dedicated to the celebration of the political and military successes of Louis XIV, and used for important ceremonies, celebrations and receptions. She asked the architect Richard Mique and painter Hubert Robert to design a new English-style landscape garden to replace the formal French garden. He discreetly provided accommodations in another part of the palace for his famous mistresses, Madame de Pompadour and later Madame du Barry. Saule & Meyrer 2000, pp. In her theater she played a part in one of the first performances of the play The Marriage of Figaro by Pierre Beaumarchais, which helped ensure its success. The fountain was begun in 1670 by Le Nôtre, then enlarged and modified by Hardouin-Mansart in 1686.  The parterre surrounding the fountain, landscaped with lawns and flower beds according to 19th century taste, was also completely overhauled. The site of the Palace itself is 490 ft (150 m) above sea level, with the nearest body of water capable of supplying the gardens and court being the Seine River, 6 miles (9.7 km) north.  He decided to rebuild, embellish and enlarge the château and to transform it into a setting for both rest and for elaborate entertainments on a grand scale. Ayers 2004, pp. , The Palace briefly returned to the world stage in June 1919, when the Treaty of Versailles, formally ending the First World War, was signed in the Hall of Mirrors. Hardouin-Mansart died in 1708 and so the chapel was completed by his assistant Robert de Cotte in 1710.. The site of the Palace was first occupied by a small village and church, surrounded by forests filled with abundant game. Perhaps the most-famous room in the palace is the Hall of Mirrors (1678–89). As the centre of the French court, Versailles was one of the grandest theatres of European absolutism. 15 16 June 1681 – 23 January 1682 to Sr. Lois and Sr. de Villers silversmiths on account for the silver balustrade that they are making for the king's use (four payments): 88,457 livres 5 sols. The Palace of Versailles was originally constructed in 1624 as a simple, two-story hunting lodge. It replaced a botanical garden created by Louis XV, and consisted of twelve structures, ten of which still exist, in the style of villages in Normandy. 5 In anticipation: For the silver balustrade for the king's bedroom: 90,000 livres, II. , The Royal Chapel has been under renovation for 767 days.  At full capacity, over one million gallons of water per day could be pumped into the Marly reservoirs, but ironically by the 1690s the Château de Marly had become the main recipient, since Louis XIV built an enormous water cascade to rival the waterworks at Versailles.. Initially constructed as a hunting lodge for King Louis XIII, the royal family's love for the estate saw the movement of the royal court from Paris to Versailles in 1682 by King Louis XIV, Louis XIII’s son.  The staircase was lit from above with a skylight – a fairly advanced quality for seventeenth century architecture and is thought to have played a symbolic role in the connection with the scenes of the kings heroism depicted by Le Brun. The theater was reopened in 1957, in the presence of Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom. The History Of The Palace. The empty buildings were turned into a storehouse for furnishings, art and libraries confiscated from the nobility. Before entering the King's State Apartments, one had to climb the Ambassadors Staircase - a suitable entrance as its magnificence matched the grandness of the apartments. , The King's bedchamber had originally been the State Drawing Room and had been used by Queen Marie-Theresa, but after her death in 1701 Louis XIV took it over to use as his own bedroom and died there on September 1, 1715. Courtiers gathered in the Hall to watch the King walk from his apartments to the chapel, and sometimes took the occasion to present him with requests. The marble facing and statues were covered in years of accumulated grime, obscuring the vibrant colors of the marble and the gilt fixtures as they originally appeared. Work on the Eure aqueduct came to a halt in 1688, when France entered the Nine Years' War, and the poor finances of the kingdom in the latter part of Louis XIV's life prevented work from ever resuming. The Royal Gate, an elaborate gold leaf gate, separates the Court of Honour from the Royal Court at the location where the Louis XIV statue once stood. The Queen's apartments and the King's Apartments were laid out on the same design, each suite having seven rooms. The celebrated bust of Louis XIV by Bernini made during the famous sculptor's visit to France in 1665, is on display here. , Another group of formal gardens is located on the north side of the water parterre. 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